In Burma, 80% of the energy used in preparing food comes from wood charcoal. Almost all the fuel used is obtained from illegal and non-sustainable production sites, causing major damage to Burma's forests. Deforestation, greenhouse gas emissions and the fall in living conditions of women (who spend over 200 hours a year collecting wood) are all issues that must be addressed.
A study by GERES has shown that kitchen equipment used for cooking is often of mediocre quality because customers have access neither to proper information about what they are buying, nor to better quality alternatives. The aim is therefore to introduce, in response to the success experienced in Cambodia with a similar exercise, as many ICSs (Improved Cook Stoves, that use only 30% of the fuel normally required) as possible.
The project is split into two phases spread over three years. The improved stoves are initially introduced into homes, with training for manufacturers and also for users. An awareness campaign is then developed in order to create national demand.
Groupe Energies Renouvelables, Environnement et Solidarités (GERES)