The project involves protecting the Caretta sea turtle, more commonly known as the loggerhead sea turtle, whose number has significantly decreased over the last few years due to incidental catches caused by trawlers.
It was recently estimated that over 5,000 turtles are caught by trawlers every year in the Mediterranean and the Gulf of Cadiz.
The project proposes testing a system called TED, an escape system for the turtles that may reduce incidental catches. In 2009, a TED model was tested on an experimental basis, but new tests need to be carried out in order to check its effectiveness in real fishing conditions.
The advantage of this system is two-fold: first, it protects sea turtles and biodiversity more broadly; secondly, it saves fishermen time since they are no longer obliged to sort their catch.